Internet of things: problems of social expertise

Author: Yudina M.A.

Communicology. 2017. Vol.5. No.2
YUDINA Maria Alexandrovna, postgraduate student of the Faculty of public administration
of the Lomonosov State University of Moscow. Moscow, Russian Federation.

Abstract. The article is devoted to sociological analysis of Internet of things, the latest technologies, which combine a variety of objects of the material world into a single interconnected network. In the paper the technologies are examined using actor-network theory, their place in the evolution of the Internet is evaluated as well as the existing methods of regulation of its work in developed countries and the role of non-profit associations market leaders of technology in the creation of a suitable ecosystem. The Internet of things will allow to minimize the downtime and harmful emissions, significantly improve efficiency and even bring back manufacturing to developed countries with a corresponding increase in the number of jobs in the innovation sector. Such a perspective has allowed the market leaders to convince the governments of many developed countries to reduce regulation of the nascent industry to a minimum. It is strategically dangerous, given the potential extent of technological unemployment, and serious problems with the security of personal information in a world where things will collect data about their owners. The Internet of things can form the basis of the fragmentation of society and at the same time to change our understanding of reality at the expense of equality of objects and people in many aspects. Such equality was proclaimed by supporters of the “turn to things”, convinced that sociology’s time to pay due attention to objects, and their significance in social interactions continues to grow, and with the development of technology of Internet of things and artificial intelligence comes on a fundamentally new level. In this regard, there is a need for serious state control over the development of technologies on the basis of the social assessment. The article also offers possible ways of involving civil society in the solution to the looming social problems associated with the implementation of the Internet of things.

Keywords: Internet of things (IoT), digital divide, technological unemployment, evolution of the internet, personal data, governmental regulations on technologies, social consequences of technical development, actor-network theory, digital detox.

Text: PDF

For citation: Yudina, M.A. Internet of things: problems of social expertise. Communicology.
Volume 5. No.2. Pp. 50-67 DOI 10.21453/2311-3065-2017-5-2-50-67

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