Legal status of Canadian Indians: ethnocultural peculiarities

Author: Frenk G.Yu.

Communicology. 2017. Vol.5. No.2
FRENK Galina Yurievna, Postgraduate, Department of regional studies and international
relationships, Lomonosov Moscow State University. Moscow, Russian Federation.

Abstract: The article analyzes the legal status of Canadian Indians highlighting its ethnocultural peculiarities. Canada is the first country in the world that ensured the legal status of Indians on the Constitutional level. The Aboriginal rights movement, rooted in the 1970s, greatly encouraged the adoption of the new policy towards Indian population. It should be mentioned that vast majority of Aboriginal people didn’t assimilate into Euro-Canadian society; thus, they still maintain a traditional Indigenous lifestyle. Nowadays, all the Indians in Canada are divided into two legal categories: status and non-status Indians. Status Indians proved their Aboriginal origins; they are eligible for registration under the Indian Act, which provides a number of special rights and social benefits including the right to live in reservations. Non- status Indians are not registered with the federal government, so they are deprived of a range of rights available for status Indians. Indians residing on a reserve share unique cultures, identities, languages, and views of self-government, education, healthcare and tax systems.

Keywords: culture, Aboriginal peoples, First Nations, self-government, land claims,Aboriginal rights.

Text: PDF

For citation: Frenk G.Yu. Legal status of Canadian Indians: ethnocultural peculiarities. Communicology. Volume 5. No 2. Pp. 126-133 DOI 10.21453/2311-3065-2017-5-2-126-133

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