The Meaning and the Origin of “Fake news” Concept

Author: Golovatskaya O.E.

Communicology. 2019. Vol.7. No.2
Golovatskaya Olesya Evgenyevna, postgraduate student of the department of public relations and media policy, RANEPA.

Abstract. This scientific article is devoted to the study of the phenomenon of fake news as a new way of misleading the audience. The author examines the meaning and origin of the term «fake news», of its semantic analogue («information hoax»), analyzes existing scientific approaches to the study of this phenomenon, illustrating the conclusions with examples of this phenomenon in the media, social networks and on Internet resources, as well as graphic analytical information - the results of their research, conducted in the course of training and practical exercises using the information-analytical system «Medialogia». The scientific novelty of the research consists in the fact that the phenomenon «fake news» is still poorly studied and modestly described in the scientific literature, therefore, the author of the article has attempted to analyze the theoretical, etymological and practical aspects of this phenomenon, as well as give his forecast for further development of this phenomenon and the necessary ways to control it, suggest ways to prevent and counter the effects of «fake news» (information hoaxes). The theoretical significance of the research lies in the author’s integrated approach to the object under consideration, which allows to identify the existing gaps in the theoretical and methodological aspect of studying it.

Keywords: fake, fake news, hoax, information hoax, information security, information policy, information space, Internet, media, man, communication, information, information confrontation

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For citation: Golovatskaya O.E. The Meaning and the Origin of “Fake news” Concept. Communicology (Russia). 2019. Vol. 7. No.2. Р. 139–152. DOI 10.21453/2311-3065-2019-7-2-139-152.

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