The Interpretation of the Syrian Military Confrontation by the Media of Syria, Russia and the Countries of the West

Author: Alashhab Koutieba

Communicology. 2018. Vol.6. No.5
Alashhab Koutieba, postgraduate of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Philological Faculty, Department of Theory and History of Journalism. Address: 117198, Moscow, Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the specificity of the reflection of the Syrian military confrontation in the media of Syria, Russia and the countries of the West. To achieve this goal, the author made a selective study of the materials of 1020 publications of Russian, Syrian, Western (American, French and British) media, printed and electronic (“Kommersant”, “Vedomosti”, “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”, “Profile”, “Novaya Gazeta”, “Expert”, “Gazeta.Ru”, “Fontanka”, “RIA Novosti”, Syrian Arab Information Agency SANA, “Thawra”, “Enab Baladi”, “ Al Souria”, “Al-Watan Syria”, “”, “The Washington Post”, CNN, FOX, “The national interest”, “Business Insider”, “Foreign Policy”, “Newsweek”, “The New Yorker”, “The American Conservative”, “Agence France-Presse”, “Le Monde”, “France Soir”, “L’Opinion”, BBC, “The Times”, “Financial Times”, “The Telegraph”, “Prospect Magazine”), published between 2010 and 2018, and selected according to context “conflict in Syria”.
The applied methods are the system-structural approach, the concrete historical method, the comparative method of studying socio-economic phenomena, and the method of content analysis. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that in this conflict each side seeks to give its own idea of  what is happening, and an important information feature is an active information confrontation not only between the direct participants of the conflict, but also in the international arena. In the information war around Syria, a number of prominent world political actors are participating, while the position of the media of the US and individual allies is less objective than the position of the official Russian media, including because of the reasons for sources that do not deserve trust, anonymous messages and “fake” news. The further trajectories of the transformation of the media, primarily the Syrian, depend to a large extent on both the prospects for resolving the armed conflict and on the actual vectors of the world information war, which has an active influence on the armed conflict itself.

Keywords: Syrian conflict, mass media, coverage of armed conflicts, propaganda, media transformation, “fake news”

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For citation: Koutieba A. The interpretation of the Syrian military confrontation by the media of Syria, Russia and the countries of the West. Communicology (Russia). 2018. Vol. 6. No.5. P. 120-132. DOI 10.21453 / 2311-3065-2018-6-5-120-132.

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