Communication of Representatives of Various Religions: experience of sociological study of tolerance issues

Author: Rustam M. Khairullin

Communicology. 2017. Vol.5. No.5
Khairullin Rustam Minhaidarovich, PhD student of the Center for Advanced Economic Research of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan, e-mail:

Abstract. The paper reveals the communication processes between representatives of different religions as a basis for interconfessional interaction and preservation of tolerance. The author represents theoretical-methodological analysis of different points of view on the understanding of the terms ‘represented religious tolerance’ and ‘intolerance’; carries out conditional separation of different approaches to the study of religious tolerance into three groups. The emphasis lays on the study of religious tolerance as a system of views aimed at the representative of one religion or another, and containing their assessment.
This paper represents materials that demonstrate the manifestation of tolerance in different spheres of human life. It is based on the results of author’s sociological research held in 2016 in the form of questionnaire: there has been interviewed 1,500 people living in the Republic of Tatarstan with the use of a quota sampling based on gender, age, place of residence and religious affiliation of the respondents. Sampling error does not exceed 5%. The survey rates various agents of socialization (family, Institute, school, media) that are involved in the formation of ideas about religion, norms of tolerance and attitudes towards different faiths. The results include the appraisal of communication between people of diverse religions, which takes place in different spheres of social interaction. The analysis included such areas of interaction as family, friendships and employment, a comparative analysis of which demonstrates the tendency of tolerance and intolerance. In each of the areas specific characteristics have been reviewed and identified: in family – the choice of a marriage partner, in professional area – the attitude to the top manager when the letter represents another religion, among friends – possibility of higher level of conflict communication processes. The paper discusses such negative aspects of interreligious communication interaction as a dismissive attitude that is expressed in attitudes, tone of conversation and the looks, the ridicule, the verbal statements. It represents the destructive aspects such as the religious conflicts and demands to change one’s religion.

Keywords: communication, tolerance, intolerance, religious affiliation, religion

Text: PDF

For citation: Khairullin R.M. Communication of Representatives of Various Religions: experience of sociological study of tolerance issues. Communicology. Vol. 5. No. 5. 2017. P. 106-115

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