Author: POPOVA O.V.

Communicology. 2016. v.4, n.4
POPOVA Olga Valentinovna — Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Head of The Department of Political Institutions and Applied Political Studies of The Faculty of Political Science, St. Petersburg State University.

Abstract: The article discusses topical problems of political consciousness in Russian youth sphere. It assesses the status of ideological, partisan and personal political identity, analyses the political orientation of the youth, its relation to various political values, the level of political loyalty and the protest potential of this socio-demographic group.
Some of the materials presented nationwide survey “Monitoring the development of youth associations in the Russian Federation”, conducted by researchers at St. Petersburg state University in December 2015. Method of data collection is personal standardized interviews at the place of residence of the respondents.
The survey of 1627 respondents was conducted in 116 settlements of 49 regions of the Russian Federation. The analysis allows distinguishing different groups of Russian youth, which significantly differ in the baseline characteristics of political consciousness.
In was discovered a high unrealized potential of all forms of political activity of young people. There is high protesting potential against the authorities identified in 9.5% of youths. Loyalty to the government is around 40% of young people, guided by the non-system opposition is about 3%. Alarm is caused by the willingness of almost half of the youth to use corrupt practices to solve their problems and also by the fact that every ninth member of this group has such experience.
A significant misalignment is found of the orientation of the youth to a party and self-evaluation of its political views. The prevalence of formal groups of young people who believe their political beliefs social-democratic, is dissonant with the dominance of liberal values in the political consciousness of youth and their willingness to live in a state where main principle of the relationship of government and citizens is built on the classic paradigm of “state – night watchman”. But a positive attitude to reform is shown by less than half of the youth.

Keywords: youth, Russia, political consciousness, political identity, political preferences, political behavior, political loyalty, protest potential

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