Author: MIRCHEV M. S.

Communicology. 2016. v.4, n.4
MIRCHEV Mihail Stoyanov – Doctor of sociological sciences, Professor of Department of Politologia, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Abstract: Political elections are a process in the superstructure of society. Beneath the base, economy, is situated the civil structure as a foundation of societal system.
The article is about stratification pyramid and the rate of its polarization, about the accumulation of ghetto-primitive communities and segregated minorities, including new Islamic diasporas at the bottom of this pyramid. In the article I present empirical data on the Bulgarian civil structure transformation – what it was in 2011, at the peak of the crises; in 2001 after the end of the Transition from “developed socialism” to “neoliberal capitalism”, as well as in 1986. I am presenting the dynamics of stratification profile in Bulgaria, on the base of my own empirical research, conducted by sociological agency ASSA-M. A stratification model with 10 ranks has been used, analogical to those of the Gini coefficient. On the base of this fundamental civil structure, the separate parts of the stratification profile are outlined as a “social base” of the left and right parties, as well as of the populist parties “without classes”. The shrinking of left and right parties the civil segment in Parliamentary elections from 1994 to 2014 is also presented here. That shrinking is at the expense of the growth of the political populism and irrationality. I am emphasizing on the current legislative debate in Bulgaria about the compulsory voting, which is going to be introduced in 2016. Voting is concerned not only as a constitutional civil right, but also as a civil obligation in the risky societal instability.
The growing influence of the criminal structures and the use of the criminal means for violence against voters are presented in a special table. The civil base of all this is formed by the compact illiterate communities, which live in the ghettoes and “grey zones”. Regarding this an emphasis on the debate launched in Bulgaria of the return of the minimal educational qualification for voting and disqualification from voting of people without secondary education is put.

Keywords: civil structure, dynamics of stratificational profile, civil disruption, fundament of base of society, new migration period, foreign diaspora, hybrid war, compulsory voting, controlled voting, educational qualification to vote

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